In this interview, Kristy A. Belton talks about statelessness–which affects more than ten million people worldwide–including why it persists and how we can end it. Belton’s most recent essay on statelessness appears in the Spring 2017 issue of Ethics & International Affairs.
In 2014, the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees launched the #IBelong Campaign to eradicate statelessness by 2024. Given that UN Secretary-General António Guterres and others have identified the Americas as having the potential to be the first region to end statelessness, this essay evaluates the region’s progress towards that goal.
The Sahrawi people have been housed in refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria since 1975. This essay uses the case of the Sahrawi to illustrate the problematic nature of refugee camps, which are intended to serve a transitional purpose but ultimately become de facto long-term solutions, depriving refugees of their political and social rights indefinitely.
Would states be moved to take in more refugees if the problem was framed explicitly in terms of the Responsibility to Protect (RtoP)? In January 2016, Jason Ralph and James Souter hosted a one-day workshop at University of Leeds to discuss this issue, and here they present two papers that were originally delivered at that workshop.
In this feature, Dan Bulley argues that there is little to be gained by invoking the RtoP norm in the context of the refugee crisis. Rather than bolstering the EU’s protection mechanisms, RtoP effectively authorizes the EU’s current treatment of refugees.
In this feature, Alise Coen takes as given that facilitating refugee protection represents an essential step towards upholding the norm of RtoP. By examining the past policy decisions of the United States, the article argues for culpability as a criterion for assessing responsibilities to refugees, and shows how upholding these responsibilities can align with state interests.
The subject of belonging conjures up a realm of emotions. This essay explores statelessness through the prism of belonging, asking whether the United Nations Refugee Agency’s reframing of statelessness as an issue of belonging can be successful in eradicating statelessness globally.