Philip Coyle is senior advisor to the World Security Institute, a national security study center based in Washington D.C. He is a recognized expert on U.S. and worldwide military research, development, and testing, on operational military matters, and on national security policy and defense spending.

From September 1994 through January 2001, Coyle was assistant secretary of defense and director, pperational test and evaluation, in the Department of Defense. From 1959 to 1979, and again from 1981 to 1993, he worked at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in Livermore, California.

During the Carter Administration, Coyle served as principal deputy assistant secretary for defense programs in the Department of Energy.


Victoria Samson joined the Center for Defense Information in 2001. Her areas of interest include missile defense, nuclear reductions, and emerging weapons technologies. She also teaches on national security issues at the graduate international relations program at St. Mary’s University in San Antonio, Texas.

Prior to coming to CDI, Samson was the senior policy associate at the Coalition to Reduce Nuclear Dangers, a consortium of arms control groups in the Washington, D.C., area. She previously worked as a subcontractor on war-gaming scenarios for the Missile Defense Agency’s Directorate of Intelligence. Samson has an M.A. in international relations from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies and a B.A. in political science from UCLA.