Duncan B. Hollis and Tim Maurer

Duncan B. Hollis is professor of law at Temple University Law School in Philadelphia. His scholarship engages with issues of international law and cybersecurity, with a particular emphasis on treaties, norms, international organizations, and other forms of international regulation. Hollis is also currently a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, as well as an elected member of both the American Law Institute and the OAS Inter-American Juridical Committee. He studies and participates in global negotiating dynamics on regulating state behavior in cyberspace, and has worked with Microsoft on its recent proposals to create new institutions to improve global cybersecurity.

Tim Maurer is codirector of the Cyber Policy Initiative at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. His recent work focuses on cybersecurity, human rights in the digital age, and Internet governance. Prior to joining the Carnegie Endowment, Maurer was the director of the Global Cybersecurity Norms and Resilience Project and head of research of the Cybersecurity Initiative at New America. His recent book, Cyber Mercenaries: The State, Hackers, and Power (2018), is a comprehensive study examining proxy relationships between states and hackers.