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The Need for Governance of Climate Geoengineering

The Need for Governance of Climate Geoengineering

| December 8, 2017

In this essay, Janos Pasztor explains some of the major ethical issues surrounding geoengineering and introduces the Carnegie Climate Geoengineering Governance Initiative, a major new effort to catalyze conversation on geoengineering governance, bringing together players from a wide range of social, geographical, and professional backgrounds.

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Introduction: The Roles of International Law and Just War Theory

This roundtable explores the complex relationship between the laws of war and just war theory, and emphasizes the continuing importance of maintaining parallel ethical and legal conversations on how wars should be fought.

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Just War Theory and the Laws of War as Nonidentical Twins

| December 8, 2017

In this essay, David Luban examines the similarities, but even more the dissimilarities, between just war theory and the laws of war. Specifically, he argues that, unlike just war theory, the laws of war require binary, on-off answers, come in packages, and are often detached from their original rationale.

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Looking Inward Together: Just War Thinking and Our Shared Moral Emotions

| December 8, 2017

In this essay Valerie Morkevicius argues that just war thinking serves a social and psychological role that international law cannot fill. Law is dispassionate and objective, while just war thinking accounts for emotions and the situatedness of individuals. She proposes four ways that just war thinking can move beyond the law by focusing on moral emotions.

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A Practically Informed Morality of War: Just War, International Law, and a Changing World Order

| December 8, 2017

Just war, international law, and world order are all historically conditioned realities that interrelate with one another in complex ways. This essay explores their historical development and current status while critically examining their interrelationship.

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On the Relationship Between the Ethics and the Law of War: Cyber Operations and Sublethal Harm

| December 8, 2017

This essay examines the 2013 Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare in order to illustrate the importance of both ethical and legal perspectives on norms governing the initiation and conduct of a new form of interstate conflict.

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Carbon Emissions, Stratospheric Aerosol Injection, and Unintended Harms

| December 8, 2017

In this article, Christopher J. Preston compares the culpability for any unintended harms resulting from stratospheric aerosol injection versus culpability for the unintended harms already taking place due to carbon emissions. To make this comparison, both types of unintended harms are viewed through the lens of the doctrine of double effect.

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The Comparative Culpability of SAI and Ordinary Carbon Emissions

| December 8, 2017

In this response, Holly Lawford-Smith points to the issue of agency in Christopher J. Preston’s analysis. She argues that while the harms of geoengineering will be caused by culpable agents acting intentionally, the harms connected to climate change emerge out of the uncoordinated actions of billions of people.

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